With COVID-19 gripping the globe and people flocking to their devices and television sets, we at NSR deep dived into the media sector to analyze the historical performance of satellite and a few recent trends. Once a darling of the industry, video revenues for satellite operators have consistently declined in the past 5 years – both materially and as a percentage of total revenues. The graph below showcases the decline for the Big 4, while building a case in point for EchoStar Satellite Services that clocked a 9% decline between 2015 to 2018.
Satellite Capacity Pricing Decline
The reasons for decline are consistent across the major regions of the globe:
Emergence of OTT (Video on Demand) platform start-ups like Netflix, Prime Video, Hulu and more recently Disney+ amongst the younger demographic.
Major telco/broadcasters around the globe embracing OTT as a secondary revenue channel and focus to optimize network transmissions cost to increase profitability, like DISH Network in the graph below.
Advertisements moving online to Google, YouTube, and Facebook, thus creating pressure towards FTA programming
These above factors have led to significant pressure and decreasing media transponder prices across operators, including hotspots. Nilesat, while maintaining a relatively strong channel base, has seen revenues decline at 9% CAGR from $171M to $130M from 2016-2019 period, showcasing the direct impact on a once celebrated hotspot. Similar has been the case with Western European hotspots operated by SES and Eutelsat.
Regional Video Mean Price Index
Diving deeper, NSR dissected the trends per region, building a Regional Video Mean Price Index in our latest pricing report: Satellite Capacity Pricing Index, 6th Edition (2020).
While North America has seen the largest churn since 2016 in subscriber base and ARPU decline, developing countries have been quite stable and increased their subscribers YoY (especially India and Indonesia). However, the impact on pricing is seen almost similar, as broadcasters continue to negotiate over renewal pricing. Increasing compression efficiencies with higher uptake of HD channels has stalled capacity leasing, and broadcasters are hedging advertising revenue with parallel OTT bets. Thus, the pressure on pricing is expected to be consistent until 2021, except for certain nuances due to the added COVID-19 effect. NSR, in its latest pricing report expects the COVID adjusted price decline for 2021 at 6%-12% depending on the region and application in DTH/video distribution.
The COVID-19 Effect
While subscriber numbers have risen across Western Europe, Middle East and South Asia/APAC during the pandemic lockdowns, the challenge of losing advertising revenue due to cancelled sports leagues or television series looms large. While Comcast and AT&T have seen a continuation of cord-cutting trend in 2020, there appears to be a dual adoption of TV and OTT across developing countries, with trends of advertising revenue shifting to contextual content from sports.
Thus, a pattern of price decline is likely to persist, however, with a slower decline than anticipated in parts of South and East Asia, Middle East and Latin America. With North American and Western European broadcasters looking to remove paid subscriptions for sports channels, and offer alternative content, the price decline looks to hasten in these regions. Exceptions exist such as captive and integrated markets like JSAT in Japan or DBS in the continental U.S., where the impact is directly on the bottom-line of the business due to loss of advertising.
So, what can operators do? There are several trends to be tapped here:
Optimize content deals with broadcasters. With users spending more time in front of their TV sets, comparisons to pre-COVID era could lead to discovery in new content patterns
Focus on a secondary revenue option in IP distribution to increase offerings and user base, or foray into video services.
Look to stabilize pricing in the short-medium term, citing higher viewership in the developing regions, while considering M&A possibilities in regions like Western Europe to stabilize hotspots.
It has been a tough ride for satellite operators so far, who have seen video revenue consistently decline – losing competition with OTT. With the younger demographic increasingly taking to games such as FortNite for entertainment, OTT competition intensifying (with the latest Disney+ and now Quibi launch) and shift from TV to online media platforms for advertisements – verticalized broadcasters will indeed have an upper hand on pricing. Operators in regions showcasing an increased demand (translating into higher viewers) should be able to negotiate on a slower decline on pricing.
Finally, operators in developing countries must look towards verticalization to guard against long term COVID impact, while developed markets imminently need M&A to effectively negotiate with broadcasters.